How Bubbles WorkBubbles rise...but solids suspended in water generally don’t.
In flotation treatment, the challenge is to make the suspended solids ride the bubbles to the surface where they can be skimmed off, leaving clarified water underneath. Treatment success relies on the bubbles.
“There are bubbles……and then there are BUBBLES!”
Every SAF® bubble is a working bubble. Each coated suspended bubble binds through surface tension and electrostatically with molecules of opposite charge on the solids, forming a much stronger bond than is possible with a plain air bubble. Much less air is necessary to float solids with SAF®. Experience with many wastewaters and SAF® technology has shown that an air-to-solids ratio (weight to weight) of 0.3 to 0.5% is sufficient for flotation of solids, compared with a minimum requirement of 2% for competing technologies, rising to as much as 15% for applications with suspended solids concentrations 2,000 mg/L and higher. As solids concentrations increase, the smaller SAF® footprint becomes even more pronounced when comparing to traditional DAF systems.
Induced Air Flotation or IAF
Dissolved Air Flotation (or DAF)
Mix & Match
Although SAF™ requires an additional chemical that is a nontoxic, food and drinking water safe, easily-metered liquid product costing less than $0.03 per thousand gallons of treated wastewater. The operations and maintenance costs, including chemical costs for the Suspended Air® Emulsion generators , is lower than the cost of additional power to run competing systems.
SAF™ can rescue an overloaded flotation process, saving capital dollars and installation time. Complete SAF™ systems cost less than competing systems, and fit in a much smaller space.
How Did It All Begin?
The first applications of SAF® were in the food processing industry because the company was located in California’s agricultural Central Valley and there was a need for treating wastewater from a variety of food processors. Since then installations have expanded to other industries that formerly relied on the traditional DAF approach. The Suspended Air® Flotation Process can be and is applied in any application where physical/chemical separation via flotation is a viable alternative.